Cockroach Bite Allergy Treatment: Types of Medications

Cockroach bite can trigger allergies or asthma attacks. Here, there are two types that are most likely to cause or exacerbate allergic conditions; German cockroach (Blatella germanica) and American cockroach (Periplaneta Americana). Now, let’s talk about cockroach bite allergy treatment.

American cockroaches are an indoor source of allergens. There are more than twenty IgE-binding components identified. However, only nine allergens should be feared. Here, cockroaches contain proteins that are allergens, the substances that cause allergic reactions, for many people. All parts of his body, including saliva and cockroach ticks, are allergens. Even dead cockroaches can still cause allergic reactions.

The appearance of this allergen is similar to that of dust mites, which can enter the mucous membranes of the eyes, nose, and lungs, triggering an allergic reaction. Usually, allergens are discovered when you are cleaning the house. Therefore, avoid exposure to cockroaches and their droppings.

So, here are the types of medication to deal with cockroach bite allergy. It is just an informational description. I don’t recommend you to medicate yourself without any doctor’s agreement.


Antihistamines are useful substances to deal with the symptoms of allergies that in this case are the allergy caused by cockroach bites. Well, this medicine is not only useful to relieve insect stings or bites but also other problems such as hives, hay fever, and conjunctivitis.

The other useful information I find is that this medicine can be used as a short-term medication for those who are suffering from insomnia and prevent the possibility of motion sickness that sometimes happens to people. It is actually a multi-function medicine as it can also relieve itchiness in the eyes and nose, sneezing, and etc.

You can find them in form of nose sprays, liquids, or pills. Here are some examples of products that are antihistamines.

  • Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  • Brompheniramine (Dimetane)
  • Clemastine (Tavist)
  • Chlorpheniramine (Chlor-Trimeton)
  • Fexofenadine (Allegra)
  • Diphenhydramine (Benadryl)
  • Loratadine (Alavert, Claritin)

Nasal Corticosteroids

Well, specifically, this medicine is a nose spray that is used to block the allergy and reduce swelling. This nose spray works best for allergic rhinitis symptoms such as runny nose, congestion, itching, sneezing, or swelling of the nasal passageway. So, it is completely for nasal problems.

In relation to cockroach bite treatment, based on this article, this kinda nasal spray contains corticosteroids that together with oral antihistamines can relieve the itchiness caused by insects’ sting allergies. Here, you need a doctor’s advice to use this medicine because this medicine some side effects. So, you need a precise prescription.

Then, here are some medicines that are circulated in the drugstore that each of them has its own usage. So, once again, let the doctor tell you which of the following product is suitable for cockroach bite treatment. It is because these kinda medicines may have strong side effects for you.

  • Budesonide (e.g., Rhinocort, Rhinocort Aqua)
  • Ciclesonide (e.g., Zetonna, Omnaris)
  • Triamcinolone (e.g., Nasacort, Nasacort AQ)
  • Fluticasone (e.g., Flonase, Veramyst, Xhance)
  • Flunisolide (e.g., Nasarel, Aerospan)
  • Mometasone (e.g., Nasonex, Asmanex)
  • Beclomethasone (e.g., QNASL, Beconase QA)

Leukotriene Receptor Antagonists

As has been stated before, there are some things called allergens that are associated with the allergy of cockroach bite. In this case, there is some type of allergens that each of them needs different treatment/medicine. One of the medicines that are usually applied is an antihistamine.

Here, the other medicine that can possibly be used as a cockroach bite allergy treatment is leukotriene receptor antagonists. Well. actually, you need to be fully careful because this medicine usually is used to treat asthma. But, on the other side, this medicine can be also used to treat allergic rhinitis.

Here, allergic rhinitis is well known as hay fever. Actually, this kind of inflammation happens when the immune system reacts to those allergens that spread in the air. So, actually, the use of leukotriene receptor antagonists for cockroach bite allergy treatment may be useful to deal with other than histamine in allergic reactions that in this case is leukotriene.

Cromolyn Sodium

This medicine is usually used as a nose spray that blocks the production of leukotrienes and histamine. This medicine works to stabilize the mast cell that releases histamine. Actually, histamine is a good chemical that defends people from a potential allergen that attacks the immune. But, this condition leads to allergic conditions in the human body.

Well, you need to be careful with this chemical substance because this substance is discontinued in the UK due to the issue of CFC-free propellant. So, make sure that the medication by using this medicine is completely under the doctor’s agreement. Don’t treat yourself.

Besides, this medicine is also well-known for its side effects such as:

  • Nasal irritation.
  • Headaches.
  • Wheezing.
  • Cough.
  • Nausea.
  • Dizziness.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Body aches.


This medicine is actually for nose sprays, but you can also get it in the form of liquids and pills. Here, the main function of this medicine is actually to help the stuffiness in the nose. But, it can also relieve the allergy that occurs as the process of defeating allergens by the immune system.

Even though the use of decongestants is common, people need to ask a doctor first. It is because the decongestants have some side effects such as increased blood pressure and sleeplessness. So, make sure that the cockroach bite allergy treatment doesn’t cause other problems.


The worst condition can occur from those who are completely allergic to cockroaches. Here, the combination of medication maybe not enough to deal with it. So, your doctor may suggest you try immunotherapy instead of medicating your allergy with medicines.

Here, immunotherapy is a long-term treatment that helps people to reduce the reactions of allergens. So, it can change how your body’s immune response to allergens. However, this kind of therapy is usually used for those who are surviving cancer. So, it is not a treatment that you can ask to do easily.

The common side effects of immunotherapy are fever, weakness, chills, fatigue, nausea, dizziness, vomiting, body aches, and the change of blood pressure. So, once again, it needs a very careful examination and recommendation from your doctor, especially in dealing with cockroach bite allergy treatment.


Well, here comes the treatment. There are so many methods that you can use to treat roaches such as spray, baits, killer dust, traps, and etc. Each of the methods has its pros and cons. For example, spray can kill all the adult cockroaches you find at once but leave the eggs somewhere, ready to hatch. Then, there are roaches’ baits that need a bit slower time to make all the roach’s colonies get poisoned.

Therefore, you have to choose carefully. Here, I find complete various roach applications that can help you a lot to kill roaches (read more). There, you can pick the best for you, considering the price, effectiveness, and process that vary to others.