The problem of bed bugs has become an issue that has often been discussed. Over the decades’ researchers from around the world have created a wide variety of natural methods and products that can be used to eradicate bed bugs. But over time, some products that are marketed are no longer effective at killing bed bugs because this insect continues to mutate and become tolerant of products that previously succeeded in eradicating them.
In addition, many people are starting to realize the dangers of using chemicals in these bed bug control products. Some people are starting to expect the emergence of environmentally friendly products to ensure that the products they use are safe and do not have a bad effect on the body.
This is because in 1972 there was a discontinuation of the distribution of bed bug control products because these products have been proven to trigger cancer, impotence, and slow growth in children. Especially considering the public who are concerned about chemical residues left on objects that have been treated with bedbug control chemical products and these objects will be reused for a long time.
This situation is a problem for the community because of the possibility that users can experience negative effects, although not instantly. So, the researchers and product developers create a bed bug repellent that uses plant-based ingredients.
Apart from the fact that the raw materials are easy to find and abundant, the selection of plants as the basic ingredients of the product is because they are considered safer, and environmentally friendly, and their presence can be accepted by all circles of society.
One of the bed bug control products uses plant-based ingredients, namely essential oil. So, what are essential oils and how do they get rid of bed bugs? Let’s take a look together and get to know what essential oils are!
What are essential oils?
Generally, essential oils are usually associated with fragrance sources that have many benefits. Essential oil or commonly abbreviated as EO is a concentrated liquid that is included in the category of pure organic chemicals obtained through the extraction process from plants that have an aroma.
Essential oils contain several chemical compounds that make this plant extraction liquid can be used for various purposes. These oils are usually obtained through the process of steam distillation. Usually, essential oils are used as the main ingredient in beauty products and fragrances. But recent research by Rutgers University shows that some essential oil products can be used to get rid of bed bugs.
Essential oils can get rid of bed bugs
Research conducted by Rutgers University proves that of the 18 types of essential oils used to see oils derived from plants, they can effectively help eradicate bed bugs. The result shows that there are 15 essential oils that have a toxic effect on bed bugs. Also, essential oils contain anti-microbial, antiseptic, and eugenol which are known to effectively kill various kinds of insects.
But unfortunately, even though essential oils are proven to be able to kill bed bugs, some bed bugs can still withstand the content contained in essential oils. However, this does not mean that essential oils are not effective in getting rid of bed bugs. Here, bed bugs that can hold the essential oil content even though they do not die will still suffer injuries and even lose the energy to escape.
Effective types of essential oils to get rid of bedbugs
Essential oil as one of the products that help people who want an environmentally friendly pest control product also has other functions such as being the raw material for aromatherapy, cosmetics, and body care, as well as helping to overcome the effects of bed bug bites. Essential oils have been shown to help heal microbial infections, redness, and inflammation of the skin due to bed bug bites.
There are various types of essential oils depending on the type of plant they are extracted from. Of the various types of essential oils, there are seven types of essential oils that are recommended and proven to help get rid of bed bugs.
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Tea tree essential oil
Green tea oil is known to contain many antioxidants that can help kill bacteria and viruses. In addition, green tea oil also contains antiseptic and anti-allergic properties that are proven to kill pests and insects, and help reduce allergic reactions. Green tea oil can also reduce itching and redness caused by bed bug bites.
Lavender essential oil
Known for its scent that insects don’t like, lavender oil has antifungal and antimicrobial properties that make this plant an excellent remedy for irritation caused by bed bug bites. In addition, lavender oil also has a very high linalool content which this substance is very effective for killing pests or insects.
Peppermint essential oil
Peppermint oil contains menthol which is known to be very toxic and can kill insects, including bed bugs. The anti-inflammatory and anti-irritating properties of peppermint can also be used to heal bed bug bites by providing a cooling effect on the skin. That is how to get rid of bed bugs with peppermint oil.
Eucalyptus essential oil
Eucalyptus oils give the effect of mint and camphor that can hurt insects to the point of injury and death. The aroma of eucalyptus oil is also very disliked by pests and insects. Eucalyptus oil can also be used to treat irritation and inflammation caused by bed bug bites.
Clove essential oil
Who would have thought that clove oil was also widely recommended and proven effective to eradicate bed bugs? The anti-microbial and anti-inflammatory properties of cloves have an important role in killing bed bugs. It has a spicy aroma that makes insects exposed to clove oil feel hot, hurt, and even die.
Cedarwood essential oil
Cedarwood oil is an ecstasy linked to the trunk of the cedar tree. Its pungent fragrance for insects can give them a dizzy effect and its anti-inflammatory properties can kill bed bugs quickly. Cedarwood oil can also be used to reduce irritation from insect bites. When applied to the skin, the non-toxic content of cedarwood oil can also reduce itching and redness of the skin.
Citronella essential oil
Citronella oil is very commonly used in insect repellent products. What makes this citronella oil effective for killing bed bugs is its strong and pungent smell for insects that can cause bed bugs that inhale it to die.
How to get rid of bed bugs using essential oils
Essential oil is very easy to get because it is available in convenience stores and cosmetic stores. This oil is packaged and can be processed in various ways, such as putting them in a spray container, turning it into cream, to packing it in a small pipette container.
Generally, to get rid of pests and insects with essential oils such as bed bugs, people prefer to use spray products because it is more efficient and easier to reach areas that are difficult to clean. Here is how to get rid of bed bugs with essential oils:
- Move the items that contain bed bugs to the open space such as outside of your house
- Spray the essential oil to the spots where there is a bed bug nest or any place where there are so many of them.
- After that, leave the stuff that has been applied with essential oil overnight
- At the last, clean the stuff from dead bed bugs
Since this essential oil isn’t 100% killing swarms of rot in your possessions, some bed bugs may simply lose consciousness or get hurt. So it is necessary to periodically check whether after the first spraying there are still live bed bugs. Besides, there may be some hidden bed bugs’ eggs that have been just hatched.
If you still find bed bugs, repeat step two until you’re sure there are no bed bugs living on the item you’re cleaning. An additional note, this liquid oil is very toxic to adult bed bugs while the eggs are more resistant because they are still covered in shells. So, make sure when you clean things the next day until there are no bed bug eggs left behind.
Well, that is how to get rid of bed bugs with oils. If you have any suggestion, feel free to let us know.